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Companion Planting Chart for Growing Vegetables

I put this Discussion up 2 years ago but thought it might be worth revisiting as we have a few new members who may be interested.

Companion Planting is the practice of Planting two or more plants together for mutual benefit. Companion Planting with Vegetables leads to enhanced quality and growth. Much of what is known about Companion Planting has been learned by trial and error. I have found it works for me in most instances. You won’t know if you don’t try it.

The Benefits of Companion Planting Vegetables

  1. Beneficial Insects - attracting Beneficial Insects such as Bees help spread Pollen.
  2. Soil Improvement - some vegetable plants improve soil conditions for other plants. For example, members of the Legume family (Beans etc.) draw nitrogen from the atmosphere and add it to the soil around them.
  3. Decoy Plants - there are plants that emit odors that aid in masking the odors of insect-desirable vegetable plants.

Companion Planting Chart

Please find a guideline for Companion Planting with Vegetables.

Vegetable

Companions (Likes)

Dislikes

Why

Asparagus

Basil, Coriander, Dill, Parsley, Carrots, Tomatoes, Marigolds

Garlic, Potatoes, Onions

Marigolds, Parsley, Tomato protect from Asparagus Thrips

Beans

Beets, Brassicas, Carrot, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Cucumber, Celery, Chards, Corn, Eggplant, Peas, Potatoes, Spinach

Alliums (Chives, Garlic, Leeks, Onions), Capsicums, Tomatoes For Broad Beans, Fennel

Corn is a natural trellis, and provides shelter for Beans. Beans provide nitrogen to soil.

Beets

Brassicas (ie. Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Collard Greens, Kohlrabi, Turnip), Kohlrabi, Garlic, Lettuce, Onion, Sage

Pole and Runner Beans

The Beans and Beets compete for growth. Composted Beet leaves add magnesium to soil when mixed.

Broccoli

Basil, Bush Beans, Chamomile, Cucumber, Dill, Garlic, Lettuce, Marigold, Mint, Onion, Potato, Radish, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme, Tomato

Grapes, Mustard, Oregano, Strawberry, Tomato

Rosemary repels Cabbage Moth. Dill attracts Wasps for pest control.

Brussel Sprouts

Dill, Potato, Thyme

Strawberry, Tomato

--

Cabbage

Beets, Bush Beans, Celery, Chamomile, Dill, Mint, Onion, Potato, Oregano, Rosemary, Sage

Beans (Pole and Runner), Mustards, Capsicums, Strawberry, Tomato

Celery, Onion and Herbs keep pests away. Rosemary repels Cabbage Moth/White Butterfly.

Carrots

Beans (Bush and Pole), Garlic, Lettuce, Onion, Parsley, Peas, Rosemary, Tomato

Dill, Parsnip

Beans provide nitrogen in soil which Carrots need. Onion, Parsley and Rosemary repel the Carrot Weevil and Beetle

Cauliflower

Beans, Celery, Oregano, Peas, Tomato

Strawberries

Beans provide the soil with nitrogen, which Cauliflower needs.

Celery

Bush Beans, Cabbage, Dill, Leeks, Marjoram, Tomatoes

Parsnip, Potato

--

Chives

Basil, Carrots, Marigold, Parsley, Parsnip, Strawberries, Tomato

Beans

--

Corn

Beans, Cucumbers, Marjoram, Parsnip, Peas, Potatoes, Pumpkin, Squash, Zucchini

Tomato

Tomato Caterpillars (also known as Budworms), and Corn Earworm like both plants. Beans and Peas supply nitrogen.

Cucumber

Beans, Celery, Corn, Dill, Lettuce, Peas, Radish

Potato, Sage, Strong Aromatic Herbs, Tomato

Cucumbers grow poorly around Potatoes and Sage.

Dill

Cabbage, Corn, Cucumbers, Dill, Fennel, Lettuce, Onions

Coriander, Tomato

Cross-pollinates with Coriander (ruining both, so don’t grow together or near). One only a few plants that grows well with Fennel.

Eggplant

Beans, Marjoram, Capsicum, Potato

--

--

Kohlrabi

Beets, Lettuce, Onions

Strawberries, Pole Beans, Tomato

Lettuce repels Sciarid Flies/Fungus Gnats Bradysia pauper.

Leek

Carrots, Celery, Lettuce, Onions

Beans, Peas

Companion attributes are the same as Garlic, Onion, Chives (Alliums).

Lettuce

Beans, Beets, Carrots, Corn, Marigold, Onions, Peas, Radish, Strawberries

Parsley

Mints repel slugs (which feed on Lettuce).

Marigold

Brassicas (Broccoli, etc), Cucurbits (Cucumber, etc), Capsicums, Tomato, and most other plants

--

It is said that you can plant Marigolds throughout the garden, as they repel insects and Root-Attacking Nematodes (Worm-Like Organisms). Be aware they may bother allergy sufferers.

Onions

Beets, Cabbage, Carrots, Lettuce, Marjoram, Rosemary, Savory, Strawberry, Tomato

Beans, Peas

Repels Aphids, the Carrot Fly, and other pests.

Parsley

Asparagus, Beans, Radish, Rosemary, Tomato

Lettuce

Draws insects away from Tomatoes.

Peas

Beans, Cabbage, Carrots, Celery, Corn, Cucumber, Lettuce, Marjoram, Parsnip, Potato, Sage

Alliums (Chives, Garlic, Onion, Shallots)

--

Potato

Beans, Cabbage, Corn, Eggplant, Horseradish, Marjoram, Parsnip

Celery, Cucumber, Pumpkin, Rosemary, Strawberries, Tomato

Cucumber, Tomato and Raspberry attract harmful pests to Potatoes. Horseradish increases disease resistance.

Pumpkin

Beans, Corn, Radish

Potato

--

Radish

Cabbage, Corn, Cucumber, Eggplant, Lettuce, Marjoram, Parsnip

--

Radish is often used as a trap crop against some beetles,flea and Cucumber).

Sage

Beans, Cabbage, Carrots, Peas, Rosemary, Strawberries

--

Repels Cabbage Moth/ White Butterfly, some Bean parasites.

Spinach

Beans, Lettuce, Peas, Strawberries

--

Natural shade is provided by Beans and Peas, for Spinach.

Squash

Fruit trees, Strawberries

--

Similar companion traits to Pumpkin.

Strawberries

Borage, Bush Beans, Caraway

Broccoli, Cabbages

The Herb, Borage, is likely the strongest companion.

Tomatoes

Alliums, Asparagus, Basil, Borage, Broccoli, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery, Marigold, Capsicums

Brassicas, Beets, Corn, Dill, Fennel, Peas, Potatoes, Rosemary

Growing Basil about 20cms from Tomatoes increases the yield of the Tomato plants.

Turnip

Peas

--

--

Zucchini

Flowering Herbs (for pollination)

Views: 32

Replies to This Discussion

I've go to try to remember this is here Dianne.  Very useful. 

Andrew I think it a good ideas to go back to older info that is on the site sometimes. I think that a lot of us have got court up in our Native Bees lately and have not be addressing Worm Farms or Compost lately so I personally would like to go back to some of those great entries, that is why it is very important for everyone when they make an entry to not forget to fill in the Tags to help us find anything we may be interested in.

Great info Dianne, do you mind if I print it out and keep it on the wall to remind me.  It is a good way to confuse the bugs and make it easy to loose just one plant rather than many.  We have sacrificial plants that I just let go to the bugs.  

I love to see marigolds and rosemary amongst the veggies.  It makes me want to have another go at vegetable growing. 

Thanks for the reminders, we need them. 

Yes of course you can Christa and everyone else who wants it can print it off.

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