Rather than rehashing a polarised debate between Malthusian determinists and technological optimists, we’d rather focus on what’s not “peak” and how we can make better use of resources that are abundant. These abundant resources include human creativity and capacity, global genetic resources, design solutions at all scales, and technological, policy and institutional innovations.
Hm! A lateral-thinking solution to an apparently-insoluable challenge.
I think it will be resolved by de-centralising everything and allowing people to buy/swap/sell from the garden gate. Already Maine and Massachussetts in the USA are leading the way in the local food movement. I suppose it is the norm in parts of France and Italy as supermarkets never got a foothold and the local market is still the centre of their local economies.
Parts of the UK also encourage farm-gate and garden-gate transactions - particularly with eggs and milk, which are huge hurdles for our local market to overcome. Paternalism reigns supreme. Don't you know all those laws are there to protect us, and if you opt out of the system you are a danger to everyone else?? ;-)
Bit like immunisation really - but we won't go there.
Many local authorities both here and overseas forbid householders from selling their own produce. Slowly that will change. Community gardens and allotments, ditto. In some parts of the States (and in the fancier developments here) householders are taken to court if they dare plant a Tomato in the middle of their lawn. Such idiocy will eventually die out. I may not live to see it but there's hope of common sense prevailing. Eventually.